Antimony is a key mineral commodity used widely in industrialised societies, with its leading uses in flame retardants (as antimony oxide). Major markets for antimony-based flame retardants include electronics, plastics, fabrics used in children’s clothing, aircraft and car seat covers and bedding.

Estimate of global antimony demand by end-user segment


Global production of antimony in 2018 was estimated at 140,000 tonnes and China was the leading global antimony producer, accounting for more than 70% of global mine production.

Antimony is identified as a critical raw material by the European Union (EU), the United States, the United Kingdom and Japan, who have all published reports ranking raw materials on key criteria including supply risk and economic importance.

Antimony has been grouped with a number of higher profile critical raw materials (including light rare earth elements (LREEs), heavy rare earth elements (HREEs), tungsten, cobalt and niobium).

European Union Critical Raw Materials (CRM) 2017.

For more information on the Critical Raw Materials, please refer to the following sources:

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